2015年8月2日 大喵1岁6个月零26 天

在巴黎西南角的Boulogne-billancourt市,有一座兼容了不同风格为一身的私家花园 Albert-Kahn musée et jardin。这里曾经是银行家Albert-Kahn的故居,现在改建成了介绍他生平的公共博物馆。不过,这里最吸引游人的是他花了几十年时间修建的花园。

8月2日,趁着每月的第一个周日博物馆免费开放日的机会,我们和大喵的小伙伴麦子一家伴着明媚的夏日一起游览了这座巴黎的日本花园


花园紧邻塞纳河,交通十分方便。乘坐轻轨电车T2到 parc st cloud站,然后步行过桥就到了。难得今天气温较高,我们全家都穿上了清凉的夏装。

难得巴黎夏天高温的一天,可以穿短袖了
难得巴黎夏天高温的一天,可以穿短袖了

博物馆的入口很隐蔽不起眼,极小的一个牌子不容易辨识。找到这栋建筑就是了
Albert-Kahn musée et jardin博物馆入口

因为园内道路狭窄,所以不让婴儿推车进入。馆方在入口处的院子里露天搭了一个小棚子,可以把推车放在棚子里。注意,这里没有看守,所以不要在推车里留贵重物品。同时,这里提供婴儿背带,押一张身份证就可以免费借用。

一进门是个2层的展厅。介绍园子的主人Albert-Kahn--这个银行家的生平以及此园子的历史。展品不多,但挺有意思的。

这是他当年拥有的几家公司。我觉得这些可能是营业执照之类的文件。右上角天蓝色的那份可是金矿啊!赶紧拍张照开开眼。

Albert-Kahn 拥有的矿产

这是整个园子的模型。看起来没什么特别,但通过一段短片了解到,这里以前全部是住宅,当年银行家为了买下这片土地,前后花了整整30年时间从一家一户手里买下,然后拆掉,再从其他地方运土改造土壤。其中日本花园里的建筑,植物都是远渡重洋从日本运来的。喜欢日式风格的花园,于是就在自己家造了一座。话说有钱人就是任性啊!不过,得益于他的任性,才让今天的巴黎有这么一处别样的风景。

Albert-Kahn musée et jardin模型

银行家发家以后,除了修园子,还干了一件很有意义的事情。他雇佣了十几名摄影师,把他们分派到世界各地进行全球摄影。在交通极其不发达的20世纪之初,做这件事所消耗的人力,物力之巨大跟今天不可同日而语。

而为什么说这件事很有意义呢?因为,在当时技术落后的地区,比如中国,自己本国没有拍摄的能力和技术,银行家拍摄到的影像,是中国最早的一批彩色照片和录像,是相当珍贵的历史记录。当时的中国,慈禧太后刚去世,溥仪登基,他的父亲醇亲王负责执政。是中国封建帝制被推翻前的一段时期。现在在网上流传的中国老照片就是当年他的这项计划支持拍摄的。中国老照片

在维基百科上Albert Kahn被定性为银行家,人道主义者。今天的参观后喵妈的感触是:

  • 此人发家很快。小时候还住在四处漏风看起来快要坍塌的房子里,不到30岁就成为了银行家。也就是说仅仅一代人就跨越了阶层,说明当时的法国社会流动性很强,是个积极有活力的社会。

  • 有钱人就是任性。这里的“任性”是褒义词,虽然是我们常常称之“暴发户”的人,却全然没有大家印象里“暴发户”的粗鲁,肤浅。他任性的修建花园;任性的环球拍摄给世人留下了精神上和物质上的财富。展览中,这批在中国拍摄的照片和录像也是我觉得最有意思,最值得一看的。有孩子的家庭建议带孩子来看看,了解哪个年代中国的真实面貌。

  • 此人用30年的时间买地修园子。拍个照片直接拍到全世界。从这些事看出,此人的决心、韧性、毅力和行动力均非同一般。不必探究他的发家史,有了这些品质,在任何年代都会成功。

  • 他自己开办实验室,还在海边买了一整栋房子专门给员工度假使用。20世纪初的打工者都有这等福利。我在怀疑,现在法国的高福利社会养成不是劳动人民革命的结果,根本就是资本家主动供养的结果。总之,法国高福利的源头至少可以追溯到1百多年前啊!

(未完待续… …)

 

 

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